The pioneers followed the valley of the Wichita from August 5 until August 17, when they were deserted by their Mexican guide.
They finally realized their error and sent a company out to the north to search for Red River. On August 20 a guide returned to lead the command to the northwest. Harassed by Indians and suffering because of insufficient provisions and scarcity of water, the expedition slowly made its way to the northwest. On Quitaque Creek in the area of present northwestern Motley County, McLeod, unable to find a route by which the wagons could ascend the Caprock , divided his command, sending a party of horsemen out to seek the New Mexican settlements while he waited with the wagons and the remaining force at the foot of the Llano Estacado.
The advance party, after suffering many hardships and encountering difficult traveling in crossing Quitaque and Tule canyons, finally met some Mexican traders on September 12 and sent a guide back to lead the waiting force on into the settlements. The Texans had expected to be welcomed by the citizens of New Mexico and certainly had not anticipated armed resistance, but Governor Manuel Armijo of New Mexico had learned of the expedition and had detachments out awaiting the arrival of the Texans.
Lewis, one of the first of the advance party to reach the settlements, turned traitor and persuaded his comrades to lay down their arms on September He was again used by the New Mexicans in securing the surrender of the main force, which had crossed the Llano Estacado and was encamped at Laguna Colorada near present Tucumcari, New Mexico, on October 5.
Thus without the firing of a single shot, the entire expedition passed into Mexican hands.
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The Texans, reduced in number and broken in health and spirit, had been conquered by the arid plains rather than by the force of Mexican arms. The Texas prisoners were marched to Mexico City. They were subjected to many indignities both en route and after their imprisonment in Mexico.
The affair became the subject of a heated diplomatic controversy between the United States and Mexico before most of the prisoners were finally released in April Although generally considered a failure, the expedition stimulated a renewal of interest in Texas within both the United States and Mexico and formed a basis for Texas's claim to western territory.lavifruits.wecan-group.com/futuro-imperfecto-despertar-en-el-futuro.php
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Texan Santa Fe Expedition - Wikipedia
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Letters and notes on the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, With introd. Hodge The Texan-Santa Fe pioneers : [bibliog.
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Related Narrative of the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, vol. 1
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